What Happened to the Sudetenland as a Result of the Munich Agreement

After hearing the results of the Munich conference on 30 September, Polish Foreign Minister Beck replied with the words of his Chief of Staff as follows : Czechoslovakia was informed by Britain and France that it could either resist Nazi Germany alone or submit to the prescribed annexations. The Czechoslovak government, recognizing the desperation of the struggle against the Nazis alone, reluctantly capitulated (September 30) and agreed to abide by the agreement. The colony gave Germany the Sudetenland from October 10 and de facto control of the rest of Czechoslovakia, as long as Hitler promised not to go any further. On September 30, after a break, Chamberlain went to Hitler`s house and asked him to sign a peace treaty between the United Kingdom and Germany. After Hitler`s interpreter translated it for him, he happily accepted. respect the new borders of Czechoslovakia. . How did Czechoslovakia react to Germany`s annexation of the Sudetenland ? The government has declared martial law. What happened to the Sudetenland as a result of the Munich Accords ? On September 22, Chamberlain, who was about to board his plane to go to Bad Godesberg in Germany for further discussions, told the press that met him there : “My goal is peace in Europe, I hope this journey is the path to that peace.” Chamberlain arrived in Cologne, where he was generously received with a German band playing “God Save the King” and Germans giving flowers and gifts to Chamberlain.[32] [32] Chamberlain had calculated that full acceptance of the German annexation of all sudetenland without reductions would force Hitler to accept the agreement. [32] When Hitler learned of this, he replied, “Does this mean that the Allies accepted Prague`s consent to the surrender of the Sudetenland to Germany ?” Chamberlain replied, “Exactly,” to which Hitler responded by shaking his head, saying that the Allied offer was insufficient. He told Chamberlain that he wanted Czechoslovakia completely dissolved and its territories redistributed to Germany, Poland, and Hungary, and told Chamberlain to take it or leave it. [32] Chamberlain was shocked by this statement. [32] Hitler went on to tell Chamberlain that since their last meeting on the 15th, Czechoslovakia`s actions, which Hitler said involved killing Germans, had made the situation unbearable for Germany.

[32] It was an attempt by France and Britain to appease Hitler and prevent war. But the war still took place, and the Munich Accords became a symbol of failed diplomacy. He left Czechoslovakia unable to defend itself, gave Hitler`s expansionism a touch of legitimacy, and convinced the dictator that Paris and London were weak. In March 1939, the First Slovak Republic was proclaimed, and soon after Germany took full control of the remaining Czech parts by creating the protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. [4] As a result, Czechoslovakia had disappeared. On September 13, after internal outbreaks of violence and disruption in Czechoslovakia, Chamberlain asked Hitler for a face-to-face meeting to find a solution to avoid war. [29] Chamberlain arrived in Germany by plane on September 15, then arrived at Hitler`s residence in Berchtesgaden for the meeting. [30] Henlein flew to Germany on the same day.

[29] On that day, Hitler and Chamberlain held discussions in which Hitler insisted that Sudeten Germans be allowed to exercise the right to national self-determination and join the Sudetenland with Germany. Hitler also expressed concern to Chamberlain about what he perceived as British “threats.” [30] Chamberlain replied that he had made no “threat” and asked Hitler in frustration, “Why did I come here to waste my time ?” [30] Hitler replied that if Chamberlain was willing to accept the self-determination of the Sudeten Germans, he would be willing to discuss the matter. [30] Chamberlain and Hitler discussed for three hours, and the session was adjourned. .

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